George Orwell, a pen name of Eric Arthur Blair was born on June 25, 1903 in Motihari, India. After graduating from Eton College in England he joined the Indian Imperial Police in Burma.
He published his first book, “Down and Out in Paris and London” in 1933. The novel was non-functional; about his experience with poverty after the time he left Burma. He worked low paid jobs in England and France. In the 30s he published three other novels “A Clergyman's Daughter” -1935, “Keep the Aspidistra Flying” - 1936, and “Coming Up for Air” - 1939. His has 2 major works of the period, documentaries: “The Road to Wigan Pier” –1937, a study of the lives of miners in the Lancashire town of Wigan and “Homage to Catalonia” -1938, describes his experiences fighting for the Loyalists in the Spanish Civil War.
His two best-known books, which made him famous, are “Animal Farm” -1945, a novel attacking Stalinism, and “Nineteen Eighty-Four” - 1949, a novel about the bureaucratized society, published in our literature collection.
Orwell is known not only for his political satires but also for his essays. In 1946 he published "Politics and the English Language".
He married Eileen O'Shaugnessy in 1936. She died in 1945 and he remarried to Sonia Browell in 1949.
He died from tuberculosis in London on January 21, 1950.